Anisotropic flow of charged particles in Pb-Pb collisions at √sNN = 5.02 TeV

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5.02 TeV
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We report the first results of elliptic ($v_2$), triangular ($v_3$) and quadrangular flow ($v_4$) of charged particles in Pb--Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\rm NN}}}=$ 5.02 TeV with the ALICE detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The measurements are performed in the central pseudorapidity region $|\eta| <$ 0.8 and for the transverse momentum range 0.2 $< p_{\rm T} < $ 5 GeV/$c$. The anisotropic flow is measured using two--particle correlations with a pseudorapidity gap greater than one unit and with the multi--particle cumulant method. Compared to results from Pb--Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\rm NN}}}=$ 2.76 TeV, the anisotropic flow coefficients $v_{2}$, $v_{3}$ and $v_{4}$ are found to increase by (3.0$\pm$0.6)\%, (4.3$\pm$1.4)\% and (10.2$\pm$3.8)\%, respectively, over the centrality range 0-50\%. This can be attributed mostly to an increase of the average transverse momentum between the two energies. The measurements are found to be compatible with hydrodynamic model calculations. This comparison provides a unique opportunity to test the validity of the hydrodynamic picture and the power to further discriminate the temperature dependent shear viscosity to entropy density ratio of the produced matter in heavy-ion collisions at the highest energies.