Insight into particle production mechanisms via angular correlations of identified particles in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

Two-particle angular correlations were measured in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV. The analysis was carried out for pions, kaons, protons, and lambdas, for all particle/anti-particle combinations in the pair. Data for mesons exhibit an expected peak dominated by effects associated with mini-jets and are well reproduced by general purpose Monte Carlo generators. However, for baryon--baryon and anti-baryon--anti-baryon pairs, where both particles have the same baryon number, a near-side anti-correlation structure is observed instead of a peak. This effect is interpreted in the context of baryon production mechanisms in the fragmentation process. It currently presents a challenge to Monte Carlo models and its origin remains an open question.

Accepted by: EPJC
e-Print: arXiv:1612.08975 | PDF | inSPIRE
CERN-EP-2016-322

Figures

Figure 1

Correlation functions for identical-particle pairs: $\pi^{+}\pi^{+}+\pi^{-}\pi^{-}$, $\rm K^{+}K^{+}+K^{-}K^{-}$, $\rm pp+\overline{p}\overline{p}$, $\Lambda\Lambda+\overline{\Lambda}\overline{\Lambda}$ (right panel) and particle--anti-particle pairs: $\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$, $\rm K^{+}K^{-}$, $\rm p\overline{p}$, $\Lambda\overline{\Lambda}$ (left panel). Plots are mirrored around $\Delta\eta=0$.
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Figure 2

Correlation functions for combined pairs of (left) $\rm p\Lambda+\overline{p}\overline{\Lambda}$ and (right) $\rm p\overline{\Lambda}+\overline{p}\Lambda$. Plots are mirrored around $\Delta\eta=0$.
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Figure 3

$\Delta\eta$ integrated projections of correlation functions for combined pairs of (left) $\rm pp+\overline{p}\overline{p}$, $\rm p\Lambda+\overline{p}\overline{\Lambda}$, and $\Lambda\Lambda+\overline{\Lambda}\overline{\Lambda}$ and (right) $\rm p\overline{p}$, $\rm p\overline{\Lambda}+\overline{p}\Lambda$, and $\Lambda\overline{\Lambda}$. Statistical (bars) and systematic (boxes) uncertainties are plotted
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Figure 4

Correlation functions for combined pairs of $\rm pp+\overline{p}\overline{p}$ for two transverse momentum intervals (a) $0.5 < p_{\rm T} < 1.25$ GeV/$c$ and (b) $1.25 < p_{\rm T} < 2.5$~GeV/$c$. Panel (c) shows $\Delta\eta$ integrated projections. Statistical (bars) and systematic (boxes) uncertainties are plotted.
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Figure 5

$\Delta\eta$ integrated projections of correlation functions for (a) $\pi^+\pi^-$, (b) $\rm K^+K^-$, (c) $\mathrm{p\overline{p}}$, and (d) $\Lambda\overline{\Lambda}$ pairs obtained from ALICE data and four Monte Carlo models (PYTHIA6 Perugia-0, PYTHIA6 Perugia-2011, PYTHIA8 Monash, PHOJET) at $\sqrt{s}=7\ \rm{TeV}$. Bottom panels show ratios of MC models to ALICE data. Statistical (bars) and systematic (boxes) uncertainties are plotted.
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Figure 6

$\Delta\eta$ integrated projections of correlation functions for combined pairs of (a) $\pi^+\pi^+ + \pi^-\pi^-$, (b) $\rm K^+K^+ + K^-K^-$, (c) $\mathrm{pp} + \rm \overline{p}\overline{p}$ and (d) $\Lambda\Lambda+\overline{\Lambda}\overline{\Lambda}$, obtained from ALICE data and four Monte Carlo models (PYTHIA6 Perugia-0, PYTHIA6 Perugia-2011, PYTHIA8 Monash, PHOJET). Bottom panels show ratios of MC models to ALICE data. Statistical (bars) and systematic (boxes) uncertainties are plotted.
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Figure 7

$\Delta\eta$ integrated projection of correlation functions for combined pairs of (left) $\rm p{\Lambda}+\overline{p}\overline{\Lambda}$ and (right) $\rm p\overline{\Lambda}+\overline{p}\Lambda$ obtained from ALICE pp collision data and four Monte Carlo models (PYTHIA6 Perugia-0, PYTHIA6 Perugia-2011, PYTHIA8 Monash, PHOJET) at $\sqrt{s}=7\ \rm{TeV}$. Clear anti-correlation is observed for all baryon pairs Statistical (bars) and systematic (boxes) uncertainties are plotted.
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